Calvo CPD, Iveth Katerine Avila Lazaro IKA, Hernandez APM, Sequea MCS, Bello SFG, Ocohoa MPP, Garcia CAM, Cala YJM, Gualdron JPG, Ortega MF, Arteaga SAB, Mendoza APB.
The global incidence of diabetes mellitus, including gestational diabetes, has been increasing in recent years. Diabetes during pregnancy can have serious consequences on the fetus. Fetal complications can occur, with congenital malformations, macrosomia, and fetal death being the most frequent; complications during delivery such as prematurity, perinatal asphyxia and obstetric trauma; and neonatal complications, the most frequent being metabolic ones, in which hypoglycemia and hypocalcemia stand out. Current evidence has shown that glycemic control until the end of pregnancy is of the utmost importance in order to significantly reduce the appearance of these complications and achieve good fetal development.View pdf